Easily determine the molality of your solution with our user-friendly Molality Calculator. This tool provides a swift way to calculate molality – a vital measure of solute concentration in a solution, distinct from molarity. Simply input the number of moles of your solute and the mass of the solvent, and the calculator will efficiently compute the molality.

For those uncertain about the number of moles of a substance, our advanced mode allows you to calculate it using the compound’s mass and molar mass. If you’re still curious about molality’s definition, units, and formula, or need a step-by-step guide, keep reading for comprehensive information.

**Molality Definition and Formula:**

Molality, also known as molal concentration, is defined as the ratio of the amount of solute to the mass of the solvent (msolvent):

Molality=nsolutemsolvent=msoluteWsolute×msolventMolality=msolventnsolute=Wsolute×msolventmsolute

where:

- nsolutensolute is the amount of the solute (in moles),
- msolventmsolvent is the mass of the solvent (in kg),
- msolutemsolute is the mass of the solute (in g), and
- WsoluteWsolute is the molar mass of the solute (in g/mol).

The SI unit for molality is mol/kg, sometimes referred to as molal.

**Molarity vs. Molality:**

While both molarity and molality measure solution concentration, they differ in their expressions. Molarity is the amount of substance per unit volume of solution (mol/L), while molality represents the amount of substance per unit mass of the solvent (mol/kg).

Here’s a quick comparison between molarity and molality:

Molarity | Molality |
---|---|

Amount of substance/volume (mol/L) | Amount of substance/mass of solvent (mol/kg) |

Symbol: M | Symbol: m or b |

Unit: mol/L | Unit: mol/kg |

Temperature and pressure dependent | Temperature and pressure independent |

More popular and practical for lab use | Accurate but less commonly used |

**Converting Molality to Molarity:**

To convert between molality and molarity, use the following relation:

*M*=1+*m*×*Wm*×*d*

where:

*M*is molarity,*m*is molality,*W*is the molar mass of the solute, and*d*is the mass density of the solution.

**How to Calculate Molality:**

Let’s walk through an example using our Molality Calculator:

- Choose your substance, such as table salt (NaCl).
- Calculate its molar mass (e.g., NaCl has a molar mass of 58.44 g/mol).
- Convert grams to moles using the formula moles=mass of solutemolar massmoles=molar massmass of solute.
- Plug the number of moles and the mass of the solvent into the molality formula to find the molality of the solution.

Or save time and use our Molality Calculator, opting for advanced mode to input molar mass and solute mass.

**FAQ:**

*How do I calculate morality?*

Calculate molality by dividing the amount of solute (in moles) by the mass of the solvent (in grams). Alternatively, if the amount of solute is unknown, multiply the mass of the solvent (in g) by its molar mass (in g/mol), then divide the mass of the solute (in g) by the result. The answer should include units: mol/kg or molal.

*What is the molality if there are 3 moles in 0.5 kg of solvent?*

The molality is 6 mol/kg. Use the formula molality=moles of solutemass of solvent (kg)molality=mass of solvent (kg)moles of solute, plugging in moles = 3 and mass of solvent = 0.5 kg.

*How do I convert molarity to morality?*

Use the formula *m*=*d*−*M*×*WM*, where *M* is molarity, *m* is molality, *W* is the molar mass of the solute, and *d* is the mass density of the solution.