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Introduction to PVGO

PVGO, or the Present Value of Growth Opportunities, is a crucial metric in company valuation. It gauges the value a company can generate through future projects and growth initiatives. By associating a company’s share price with the present value of its growth prospects, PVGO provides insights into investment decisions.

What is PVGO?

PVGO, synonymous with the Present Value of Growth Opportunities, represents the value of a company’s growth potential. In a PVGO model, a company’s justified share price is the sum of its most recent earnings and PVGO. Essentially, it defines a company’s share price as its current value plus the present value of all potential growth.

PVGO Calculation: Step by Step

1. Gather Information

  • Share price: $20.00 (Example: Company Alpha)

2. Determine Earnings per Share (EPS)

  • EPS = Earnings / Number of shares outstanding
  • Example: $2,000,000 / 1,000,000 = $2

3. Calculate Cost of Equity

  • Use methods like CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model)
  • Example: Assumed cost of equity = 12.5%

4. Compute PVGO

  • PVGO = Share price – (EPS / Cost of equity)
  • Example: $20 – ($2 / 12.5%) = $4

Interpreting PVGO

PVGO aids companies in deciding whether to reinvest earnings or distribute them to shareholders. A PVGO less than or equal to zero suggests limited growth opportunities, favoring dividend distribution. Conversely, a positive PVGO indicates potential value creation, encouraging reinvestment.

Note: Use caution with share prices; consider a 1-year average to mitigate volatility.


1. What does a negative PVGO mean?

  • A negative PVGO implies reinvesting earnings might decrease the company’s value. In such cases, dividend distribution is preferable.

2. What is the cost of equity?

  • The cost of equity is the return investors expect. Higher company risk correlates with a higher required return and, consequently, a higher cost of equity.

3. How to interpret PVGO?

  • A higher PVGO signals ample growth opportunities. Companies with high PVGO may benefit from reinvesting earnings for potential shareholder value.

4. What is present value?

  • Present value is the current value of future cash flows, obtained by discounting them back to the present using a predetermined interest rate.


Understanding PVGO is vital for making informed investment decisions. By following these steps and interpretations, investors and businesses can navigate the complexities of valuing a company’s growth potential.