Discover the Thrill of Falling with our Free Fall Calculator. This handy calculator lets you easily figure out how fast objects fall and how far they drop during free fall. Whether you’re pondering the descent of a falling apple or marveling at a skydiver’s daring plunge, our Free Fall Calculator is your go-to guide.

Dive deeper into the world of free fall as we unveil jaw-dropping examples, including a record-breaking plunge that shattered the sound barrier! We’ll also demystify the concept of constant free fall acceleration and why it’s a pivotal element in understanding free fall.

Don’t stop here; we’ve got more in store for you. Explore our Projectile Motion Calculator, perfect for scenarios involving both vertical free fall and horizontal motion. Uncover the physics of falling and motion with ease!

## What is the free fall definition?

In the world of free fall, an object’s motion is solely dictated by gravity’s pull. The only force at play here is ‘g,’ representing gravitational acceleration. In this scenario, factors like air resistance don’t come into play.

What’s fascinating is that in free fall, an object doesn’t necessarily have to fall downward. The Moon is a perfect example of this. It meets all the criteria – experiencing only Earth’s gravitational pull with no air resistance, even in the vacuum of space.

But why doesn’t the Moon crash into Earth? The answer lies in the Moon’s velocity, which isn’t directed straight at Earth. Instead, it moves tangentially along its orbital path. This motion, at a sufficient speed, generates a centrifugal force that counteracts gravity, keeping the Moon in its orbit.

For a deeper dive into the incredible force of gravity, explore our Gravitational Force Calculator. It’s an eye-opening journey into the immense power of gravity.

## Free fall speed

Calculating a falling object’s speed is pretty straightforward using the velocity formula:

v = v₀ + gt

Here’s what it all means:

- v₀ is the initial speed (in m/s or ft/s).
- t is the time it’s been falling (in seconds).
- g is the acceleration due to gravity (in m/s² or ft/s²).

In a vacuum (without air resistance), objects in free fall accelerate at about 9.81 m/s² (or roughly 32.2 ft/s²) every second. But in reality, there’s a limit to how fast something can fall, and that’s where terminal velocity comes into play.

So, what’s terminal velocity? As an object falls, gravity keeps pulling it down at a constant rate. However, air resistance increases as the object speeds up. Eventually, these forces balance out, and according to Newton’s first law, the object stops accelerating and maintains a steady speed. That’s the terminal velocity.

Keep in mind that our free fall calculator doesn’t factor in air resistance. If you want to include it in your calculations, try our free fall with air resistance calculator.

## Free fall equation

To figure out how far an object falls, let’s keep it simple. We use a straightforward equation:

Distance (s) = 1/2 * gravitational acceleration (g) * time squared (t^2)

Now, if that object starts with an initial speed (v0), just add it to the mix:

Distance (s) = initial speed (v0) * time (t) + 1/2 * gravitational acceleration (g) * time squared (t^2)

The cool part? The distance covered by the falling object increases rapidly as time goes by. In fact, it’s directly linked to the square of the time in free fall. So, each second, the object travels much farther than the previous one.

What’s even more fascinating is that, regardless of the object’s mass, they should, in theory, hit the ground at the same time. Drop a feather or a brick, and they fall together, ignoring real-world factors like air resistance. In a vacuum, where there’s no air to slow them down, they truly would hit the ground at the exact same moment

## How to use the free fall formula: an example

Confused about how our Free Fall Calculator works? No worries, we’ve put together an easy-to-follow example to walk you through the process step by step.

Step 1: Know the gravitational acceleration, typically around 9.80665 meters per second squared, which is the default setting in our Free Fall Calculator.

Step 2: Determine if the object has an initial velocity. For our example, let’s assume it starts from rest (v₀ = 0 meters per second).

Step 3: Choose the time the object descends; in our case, it’s 8 seconds.

Step 4: Calculate the final free fall speed right before hitting the ground using this formula:

v = v₀ + gt = 0 + 9.80665 × 8 = 78.45 meters per second.

Step 5: Find the free fall distance using this equation:

s = (1/2)gt² = 0.5 × 9.80665 × 8² = 313.8 meters.

And if you know the object’s starting height but not the time it takes to fall, don’t worry – our Free Fall Calculator can help you find that too!

## Highest free fall in history

Exploring the Thrill of Free Fall – Beyond Theory and Into Action

You’ve probably learned about free fall in theory, but experiencing it firsthand is a thrilling adventure. There are various ways to immerse yourself in the exhilaration of free falling. Think about taking a leap with a parachute or even giving bungee jumping a shot!

Technically speaking, these jumps don’t meet all the conditions of pure free fall due to the significant air resistance involved. True free falling can only happen in a vacuum. However, these experiences on Earth come as close as you can get to the real deal 😉

One extraordinary example of an almost scientifically precise free fall is the astounding leap made by Dr. Alan Eustace, who was Google’s VP of Knowledge in 2014. Eustace embarked on a heart-stopping plunge from an astonishing height of 135,908 feet (41,425 meters), setting a groundbreaking record for a parachute jump.

You can witness this incredible feat on YouTube.

Remarkably, Eustace declined Google’s support for this daring feat and financed the project himself. It was no small feat, as this leap involved ascending in a specialized balloon and wearing a custom-designed spacesuit to shield against abrupt temperature fluctuations (considering he was leaping from the edge of space). The descent itself lasted 15 minutes, with a maximum speed exceeding 800 miles per hour – well beyond the speed of sound!

## Importance of Free Fall Calculator

Unleash the Power of a Free Fall Calculator! This versatile tool offers invaluable insights into science, engineering, and everyday scenarios. Here’s why it’s a must-have:

- Safety in Sports: Whether you’re into extreme sports or just curious, calculate free fall time and velocity for a safe adventure.
- Physics Learning: Perfect for classrooms, it simplifies gravity, acceleration, and motion concepts.
- Engineering Marvels: Architects and engineers use it for designing elevators, rides, and more, ensuring safety and efficiency.
- Space Wonders: Vital for rocket launches, spacecraft re-entries, and unraveling cosmic mysteries.
- Celestial Exploration: Dive into free fall to understand celestial bodies and the universe’s secrets.
- Forensic Clues: Crack cases by deducing how objects fell in accidents or incidents.
- Product Perfection: Companies making safety gear, like parachutes and airbags, rely on these calculations.
- Everyday Solutions: Solve practical problems, like estimating an object’s fall time, with ease.
- Environmental Insights: In meteorology, it deciphers raindrops, snow, and atmospheric particles’ behavior.
- Regulation Compliance: Industries follow rules; construction, aviation, and transportation rely on this for safety standards.

## FAQ

### What is free fall speed?

The speed of an object in free fall near the surface of the Earth increases at a constant rate due to gravity, which is approximately 9.8 meters per second squared. This means that for every second that an object is in free fall, its speed increases by 9.8 meters per second. Here’s a table showing the speed of the object at various times during free fall:

- 1 second after the object has begun falling: 9.8 m/s
- 2 seconds after the object has begun falling: 19.6 m/s
- 3 seconds after the object has begun falling: 29.4 m/s
- 4 seconds after the object has begun falling: 39.2 m/s

This pattern continues, with the speed increasing by 9.8 m/s for each additional second of free fall.

### Why is the weight of a free-falling body zero?

In free fall, all objects, regardless of their weight, fall at the same speed. This surprising fact is due to the unchanging force of gravity, where weight is determined by the formula W = mg, with W representing the weight, m as the mass, and g being gravity’s acceleration. However, it’s crucial to remember that an object’s weight doesn’t impact its falling speed. This means that objects of different weights but the same shape will hit the ground simultaneously.

### What is the difference between free fall and weightlessness?

Free fall is when an object falls due to gravity alone, and weightlessness happens when something with mass feels no gravity, making it feel light. You can experience weightlessness in space or by applying an equal force to counteract gravity.

### How do you find the free-fall acceleration of a planet?

Calculating a planet’s free-fall acceleration is as easy as 1-2-3:

- Find the planet’s total mass in kilograms.
- Measure the planet’s radius, the distance from its center to the surface, in meters.
- Divide the total mass by the square of the radius and then multiply it by the universal Gravitational constant, which is approximately 6.67×10-11N·m2·kg-2.

The result you get is the planet’s gravitational acceleration, which is the same as its free-fall acceleration. It’s a simple and essential formula to understand how objects fall on different planets.